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Hong Kong is a party to the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and has implemented relevant frameworks to safeguard the rights and interests of women, including Basic Law and anti-discrimination laws.  However, there have been debates that the current framework fails to provide adequate protection nevertheless. 


Apart from CEDAW, Hong Kong is also a party to a number of other international conventions, including the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) as well as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).  All of these conventions seek to promote equality to all individuals regardless of sex.


Locally, the Sex Discrimination Ordinance (Cap 480) and the Family Status Discrimination Ordinance (Cap 527) were respectively enacted in 1995 and 1997. The former prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, marital status, and pregnancy.  It also protects people against sexual harassment.  The latter prohibits direct and indirect forms of discrimination against persons with family status.


Despite the implementation of such measures, the Concluding Observations by the CEDAW committee indicated that the Women’s Commission in Hong Kong has a weak mandate and does not have the resources necessary to undertake gender mainstreaming and other activities.  It has also been indicated that women and girls with disabilities have limited access to education and women domestic workers continue to be subjected to different types of abuses.



Journal Articles/Other Papers

The Same Difference: Protecting Same-Sex Couples under the Domestic Violence Ordinance - by Puja Kapai

(2009) Asian Journal Of Comparative Law 4(1)

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace (June 2002) - by Carole J. Petersen

Trafficking on Women into Hong Kong for the Purpose of Prostitution (February 2001) - by Robyn Emerton

Implementing the CEDAW Convention in Hong Kong: Gender Policy Analysis  (June 1999) - by Moana Erickson

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and Violence against Women: Implications for Hong Kong  (May 1999) - by Andrew Byrnes

Book Chapters

"Minority Women: A Struggle for Equal Protection Against Domestic Violence" in Baines, B. (Eds.) (et al), Feminist constitutionalism: global perspectives (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2012), p 336-356 - by Puja Kapa

"The Same Difference: Protecting Same-Sex Couples under the Domestic Violence Ordinance" - by Puja Kapai

(2011) Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 1, pp 1-33; in Robson, R (Ed.), Sexuality and law. Volume 2, Crime and punishment II (Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2011), p 353-388

Research Projects


CEDAW in Hong Kong Project


The CEDAW in Hong Kong project is an online resource of information on the application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) to Hong Kong.


From 1-2 February 1999, the United Nations CEDAW Committee heard the first Government report on behalf of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the resumption of sovereignty over Hong Kong by the People’s Republic of China on 1 July 1997.


We feature government reports to the Committee, shadow reports by Hong Kong NGOs and Committee conclusions as well as background information on CEDAW in Hong Kong and advice for NGOs lobbying the CEDAW Committee


2012: Release of the Third Report on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region under the CEDAW Convention, which was submitted to the UN as part of the combined seventh and eighth reports of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under the Convention.


Human Trafficking


This project started in 2000, with the publication of Emerton’s research paper on Trafficking of Women into Hong Kong for the purposes of Prostitution: Preliminary Research Findings.


The paper was the first academic study on the topic of trafficking into Hong Kong, and has generated much public debate on the issue, both locally and regionally. 


Domestic Violence


The HKSAR Government has previously amended the Domestic Violence Ordinance in an attempt to remedy some of the problems faced by the victim community. The continued appraisal of the law’s response to domestic violence is critical in order to make calculated further improvements and to move forward in the right direction.


This project considers legal responses to domestic violence in Singapore and the United Kingdom and compares these approaches with the recent developments in Hong Kong. It will examine current legislation and case law in these jurisdictions in order to determine where Hong Kong stands on the spectrum of reform in domestic violence laws. The objectives of the study are to examine the civil and criminal remedies currently available in the three jurisdictions, evaluate the responsiveness and effectiveness of these remedies and to assess indicators of success.



Faculty Expertise


Kelley-Loper (2).jpeg

Kelley Loper
Associate Professor


Puja Kapai
Associate Professor of Law


Darcy Davison-Roberts

Useful Links
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